Eid al-Adha coming soon-Muslim Culture gram
Cultural competence is a key factor in enabling educators to be effective with students from cultures other than their own.
Cultural competence is having an awareness of one’s own cultural identity and views about difference, and the ability to learn and build on the varying cultural and community norms of students and their families. It is the ability to understand the within-group differences that make each student unique, while celebrating the between-group variations that make our country a tapestry. This understanding informs and expands teaching practices in the culturally competent educator’s classroom.
I am excited to continue this series on culture and diversity. I would like to extend a special thank you to my friend and colleague Dr. Randa Suleiman for today’s guest post.
Eid al-Adha coming soon-Muslim Culture gram
Many Muslims in the United States observe Eid-al-Adha, also known as the Feast of Sacrifice, each year. This festival commemorates Prophet Ibrahim’s (Abraham) willingness to sacrifice his son to Allah (God). This festival also marks the end of the Hajj (pilgrimage) to Mecca in Saudi Arabia, in which Muslims are required to make at least once in their lives. Eid al-Adha is known as the Feast of Sacrifice because it traditionally includes the sacrifice of an animal permitted for food (eg. a lamb) as an act of thanksgiving for Allah’s mercy.
What do people do?
Many Muslims in the United States celebrate Eid al-Adha with prayers and social gatherings. The Eid al-Adha services (prayer) can attract thousands of Muslims in various places. Many Muslims of many heritages, including Pakistan, as well as Eastern European and African countries, wear traditional clothes and share their national dishes. It is a time for prayer, sharing meals, handing out gifts, and wishing one another well.
Are there any days that students may miss school or not be able to do homework?
Yes. Most Muslim students will miss school on Thursday, September 24. Some students might miss Wednesday, September 23 as well.
Do I have to do anything?
No, you don’t have to. For some students, may be their parents or relatives have participates in the pilgrimage. It would be thoughtful to check with your students and ask if they know anyone who traveled to perform the pilgrimage. The other are that you might be interested in is student support. You can help students’ make-up missing work, be available to answer questions, and help them understand what they missed in class.
Can they do their homework?
Most likely, students might not be able to complete their homework. It is time for prayer, celebration, and social gathering. Students will spend the day with their family, relatives, friends, and members in the community. Some families might choose to make sure that their student complete homework the day before, but that might not be the majority of families.
None of my students missed a day last year, how come?
Muslim holidays are on the lunar calendar; they’re a slightly different time in our solar calendar each year. Eid comes on different date every year. Sometimes, it comes on a weekend and students do not miss school. For some students, they might choose to come to school on Eid day for a half day or certain time especially if there is any major exams or project; usually high school students.
What should I say to them?
If you’d like to say something to your Muslim students, you can say, “Happy Eid.”
Dr. Randa Suleiman is Assistant Professor in the College of Education and Leadership. Dr. Suleiman earned her M.A. from Alverno College, holds National Board Certification in Early Adolescent Science and holds her Wisconsin Principal and Curriculum Instruction license. She received her Ph.D in Educational Leadership from Cardinal Stritch University.
Cultural proficiency is not a destination, but a way of being.
(Lindsey, R., Graham, S., Westphal, C. & Jew, C. 2008).
I know that cultural proficiency is a journey and a lifelong commitment to “learning for the purpose of being increasingly effective in serving the educational needs of cultural groups” (Lindsey, R., Graham, S., Westphal, C. & Jew, C. 2008). My colleague and friend has made this commitment too, and she does this by sharing her culture with her school community. To really know our students and to meet their needs, it is critical that we know and understand the cultures they bring to school with them each day. Below is the email she sent to her colleagues yesterday. I found it most interesting and very insightful. I think you will too.
Thank you Kelly, for allowing me to share your message with other educators!
Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur coming soon- Jewish Culture gram
Purpose of the e-mail:
The two biggest days in the Jewish calendar are coming up. Rosh Hashanah is September 14 and 15 and Yom Kippur is September 23. I wanted to provide information about how it relates to you in your work and also what’s happening for some of our kids. Since I’m a part of the majority culture most of the time, I know how easy it is to assume that all kids have similar experiences. Being a part of the minority culture in this one instance lets me experience how frustrating it is to not fit with what an institution expects.
Are there any days that kids may miss school or not be able to do homework?
Yes. Most Jewish students will miss school on September 14 for the first day of Rosh Hashanah. Some Jewish students will miss September 15 (second day of Rosh Hashanah). Almost all Jewish students will miss September 23 for Yom Kippur.
Do I have to do anything?
No, you don’t have to. I can tell you though from experience, it’s really hard to just be trying to figure out what’s what and how things work and to feel out all of your teachers and figure out what works for you AND miss two or three days of school 10 days apart. Please do whatever you can to help them navigate what they miss and still merge into your classroom culture.
Can they do their homework?
Probably not. Rosh Hashanah starts on a Sunday night, but many kids will either be traveling to be with family or have houses full of family which can make the practicality of homework challenging. During Rosh Hashanah they are probably in services all day, and doing work is expressly forbidden. Yom Kippur during the day they are in services, forbidden from working, and for students who’ve already been bar/bat mitzvahed they will be fasting. It’s unlikely that their homework/ classwork will get done that day. Please, again, try to help them navigate this.
Why are the kids missing school?
Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur are the two High Holy Days. Think of them like the importance of Christmas and Easter, but only 10 days apart. They are super serious, generally solemn, and big deals. Different denominations observe different numbers of days for Rosh Hashanah. Some celebrate only the first day (Sunday night to Monday night- all Jewish holidays start and end at sundown). Others celebrate both days (Sunday night to Tuesday night). Rosh Hashanah means “head of the year” and it is the new year. Instead of a big party day it is a serious holiday which starts the 10 days of awe in which you need to ask for forgiveness for sins from the previous year before your fate for the coming year is sealed. Yom Kippur is the day of atonement- the last chance to pray for forgiveness before fates are sealed.
Why did they only miss one day last year?
Because Jewish holidays are on the lunar calendar, they’re a slightly different time in our solar calendar each year. Many school districts are closed these days.
What should I say to them?
If you’d like to say something to your Jewish students, you can say “happy new year” although it’s a thoughtful tone instead of the party tone of December 31 since it’s such a serious holy day.
As always, I’m happy to answer any questions and invite you to consider parts of your culture that I might not be aware of and let me know.
P.S. Principals, I’m sharing this with you in case it’s helpful with your staffs- please adapt as needed or ignore.
Kelly teaches science at Shorewood Intermediate School in Milwaukee, WI. She is a National Board Certified Teacher and an adjunct professor at Cardinal Stritch University.
Lindsey, R., Graham, S., Westphal, C. & Jew, C. (2008). Cultural proficient inquiry: A lens for identifying and examining educational gaps. Thousand Oak, CA: Corwin Press.
It’s September. (Where did summer go?) Most traditional schools in the United States are Back To School. Our local schools started yesterday. Some schools rolled out the red carpet to welcome students and others even had the band playing. It is truly a time to celebrate a new beginning.
Teachers have been in their classrooms over the last few weeks getting everything ready and organized for their new students. Effective educators know that the more planning they do now, the more time they will have later to work with students and meet their needs. They also know the importance of creating a safe classroom and learning environment.
Stressful school environments inhibit learning while positive classroom atmospheres encourage chemical responses in students that help them learn. Children naturally seek out and thrive in places where caring is present. Integrating emotional expression in a caring classroom atmosphere improves memory and stimulates the brain to learn. (Green, 1999, p. 684)
Providing a safe leaning environment goes beyond the classroom walls. One thing you can begin doing today that will build relationships with students and parents and pave the way for a more successful school year is to make phone calls home. As a young teacher in a middle school, I was a little frightened when my principal announced during our teacher workshop that his expectation was for us to make two positive parent phones calls each week AND turn those names in to him each Friday on a note card. His explanation was “you need to know the parents of your students” and “every parent deserves to hear something positive about their child.” “Call when you can, not when you have to.”
I made those calls initially because I had to, but quickly I saw the difference it made with my students and the richness it added to my partnerships with parents. Students look at you differently when they come to school the next day and that goes a long way in working with both students and parents when challenges arise.
Make a plan now. Call 2-3 parents each week until you have called them all. (You might want to try to call 1-2 each day during the first weeks.) Then start over. Keep accurate records of your calls and make notes about your conversations. If you can’t reach them by phone, leave a message or try email. That works too. You will undoubtedly have to make calls about concerns, behavior, or grades later. Those difficult calls will be easier because parents and students will know you as a person who genuinely cares.
It is a simple but powerful tool.
Have a great school year.
- Power of the Positive Phone Call Home
- Calling Parents: To Keep Kids in Line or Help Them Learn?
- Positive Phone Calls Can Make a Difference
- Organizing a Safe and Welcoming Classroom
Green, F. R. (1999). Brain and learning research: Implications for meeting the needs of diverse learners. Education, Summer, 119,(4)ProQuest Education Journals pp . 682-681.
It’s August, in a teacher’s time cycle it means end of summer work/break and back to the classroom soon for most of us. I’m actually already back to school. I know some schools are beginning in a couple of weeks and some will not begin until after Labor Day.
Anyway it’s time to start planning. Take care of all those personal tasks and appointments now and get as much done as you can for the coming year. The better organized you are and the more preparation you invest now, the bigger the payoff in more time and less stress later.
Over the years I have written a number of Back to School blog posts. They are still important reminders of what we need to do to be ready for our students…..They’ll be coming soon.
Preparing for summer learning fun…..
Originally posted on From Surviving to Thriving:
There is so much to do as we near the end of the school year: grades, field trips, cleaning, etc. One huge concern for teachers and parents is how to avoid “the summer slide.” What can we do to not only sustain learning, but expand learning and growth over the summer months?
Consider giving your students summer homework, not pages or workbooks of math problems, but hands-on, exploratory, and fun activities that will enhance thinking, problem-solving skills, and collaboration within families. Simple techniques that will remind students (and parents) about summer learning are summer reading lists and resources for fun summer learning activities. Create summer folders or packets that you give to students during the last week of school. One idea listed below is to make a Summer Fun Shine Can ( from Dr. Jean) filled with engaging learning pursuits. Some teachers include a self-addressed and stamped postcard…
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Quite possibly, May and June may be the busiest months of the year. In classrooms everywhere, teachers and students are frantically finishing projects, rushing to meet goals, and reflecting on past and future accomplishments.
While there is joy in the growth students and teachers have experienced, there is a quiet sadness and some fear of the unknown as students prepare to move to the next level and teachers gently push them on. Classroom teachers are also quietly preparing NOW for next year’s new crop of students.
At Thriving we are huge fans of lists as tools for organization. We strongly urge educators to begin the process of organization now, to end the year and prepare for next year with as little stress and as much joy as possible. Don’t forget to celebrate accomplishments, even as time is flying by.
Below is a sample”To Do” list for the end of the school year from our book, From Surviving to Thriving: Mastering the Art of the Elementary Classroom. Personalize it to fit your needs.
Checklist – Last Week of School
- Clean out classroom files and piles.
- Throw out old materials that have not been used for two years or more.
- Discard old and tattered wall posters, borders, and bulletin board papers.
- Make a list of everything that needs repairing, replacing, and/or removing.
- Assemble student and teacher materials that need to be updated or revised.
- Make a list of resources that will be needed to create units and lesson plans that need enrichment.
- Write thank you notes to those students who brought gifts on the last day of school. Maintain a list of students and their home addresses for future reference.
- Write thank you notes to staff members.
- Construct a school calendar for the upcoming school year. Record dates for summer meetings and for the beginning of the school year.
- Mark the date when final class lists of students for next year, with their home addresses, will be available.
- Organize and clean off your computer files. Move documents into portable storage devices and organize in folders by topic (parent letters, team building activities, science units, math units).
I highly recommend these posts about celebrating the end of the year.
Updated from my original post May 2011.
Update – May 31, 2015
Thank you to all who supported Ashley and her host family. Ashley raised $960 for Emily’s medical fund.
We ourselves feel that what we are doing is just a drop in the ocean. But the ocean would be less because of that missing drop.Mother Teresa
May 15, 2015 Blog
May One of the greatest rewards of being a teacher is seeing our students grow and spread their wings as professional educators. Currently one of our students is completing her student teaching in Costa Rica. Earlier this week I received an email from her with a special request. It wasn’t asking for anything personal, but it was a request for help for one of the children in her host family.
We know as teachers that our classroom communities include not just our students but their families and our school community. We know that it is a sign of professional growth when educators make every effort to support students and their school community in ways that truly make a difference.
In short, the relationships among the educators in a school define all relationships within that school’s culture. Teachers and administrators demonstrate all too well a capacity to either enrich or diminish one another’s lives and thereby enrich or diminish their schools.
Below is Ashley’s request. It is an excellent opportunity to choose to be kind and to help someone in need. It is also a way to support Ashley as she is trying to make a difference. Please consider a donation and help Ashley spread the word.
Emily is a little girl I’m currently living with while in Costa Rica. I cannot say greater things about this family. During my 2 months here, they have taken me under their wing and supported me in every way possible. From day one, they have gone out of their way to make me feel included. This isn’t easy, being that a language barrier is present. Emily, who is turning nine in two weeks, has a variety of medical issues and a week ago underwent a 6 hour heart surgery, from which she is still recovering. I want to support this family in every way possible, and I am hoping perhaps you do as well, so I am asking anyone who is willing to please consider making a donation to support this family. Thank you for taking the time to read this, and please share it and spread the word.
To help support the family’s medical bills and other expenses while she recovers, I have created a gofundme page where individuals can donate money that will directly go to the family to help support their costs during this time. GoFundMe page: Emily’s Medical Fund Thank you for taking the time to read this. Please consider donating and sharing.
Barth, R. (2006). Improving relationships within the school house. Educational Leadership, 63(6), 8-13.